Richard Buckminster Fuller (1895-1983) – american architect, designer, philosopher and visionary – was one of the most intriguing figures of the 20th century. His theoretical reflection spanned multiple disciplines, harmoniously combining theory and practice: geodesic domes, houses on masts, cars shaped like a falling raindrop, maps and futuristic plans of floating cities. In the core of this reflection, there stood a question as to whether it was possible to have a comprehensive grasp of the structure of reality. Against the mainstream contemporaneous thought, Fuller contested the strict division into the object and subject, focussing rather on the unhindered transfer of formulas and forms between the human and the universe. At the same time Fuller’s holism differed significantly from its traditional version, associated with ancient and medieval philosophy, as well as modern variants formulated by Jan Christiaan Smuts and Ludwig Bertalanffy. Fuller’s holism was in a way perverse – focussed on the observation of nature in the search of ready forms, it inspired technical inventions. This complex, unapparent relationship between nature and technology is a prominent, defining feature of Fuller’s output. He goes against the traditional dichotomy ‘nature/technology’, when he proposes a new discipline, anticipatory design science, which he defines as a systematic form of designing aimed at a comprehensive redesigning of human attitude to the environment. In order to illustrate his concept, Fuller avails himself of a thought model relating Earth to a spaceship. Beyond any doubt, Fuller’s philosophical ideas were strongly influenced by events of the so-called long sixties – a period extending from the end of World War II well into the early seventies – which witnessed the criticism of technical civilisation characteristic of countercultural movement alongside an outburst of fascination with the cosmos inspired by the first steps taken on the moon. Fuller combines this two seemingly contradictory attitudes in the Spaceship Earth metaphor, eagerly referred to in both his theoretical reflection and material installations. Earth perceived as a spaceship requires a holistic approach, “as an integrally-designed machine which to be persistently successful must be comprehended and serviced in total” writes Fuller in his most famous book, Operating Manual for Spaceship Earth. This view encourages a mystical interpretation of Fuller’s thought (the most interesting attempts at such an interpretation were made by Scott Eastham), but, above all, it draws an optimistic vision of the future, in which technological development plays an important role, yet it is limited in the broader perspective, and secondary to the relationship between the human and the cosmos.